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Empowering ST Teachers/Trainers & Youth



Important Web Link: Ministry of Tribal Affairs

Scheduled Tribes

Scheduled Tribes in India, as recognised the Constitution of the Indian Republic; a total of 645 district tribes. The term "Scheduled Tribes" refers to specific indigenous peoples whose status is acknowledged to some formal degree by national legislation. A collective term in use locally to describe most of these peoples is "Upajati".

Tribal communities live, in various ecological and geo-climatic conditions ranging from plains and forests to hills and inaccessible areas. Tribal groups are at different stages of social, economic and educational development. While some tribal communities have adopted a mainstream way of life, at the other end of the spectrum, there are certain Scheduled Tribes, 75 in number known as Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs), who are characterised by:-

The Scheduled Tribes are notified in 30 States/UTs and the number of individual ethnic groups, etc. notified as Scheduled Tribes is 705. The tribal population of the country, as per 2011 census, is 10.43 crore, constituting 8.6% of the total population. 89.97% of them live in rural areas and 10.03% in urban areas. The decadal population growth of the tribal’s from Census 2001 to 2011 has been 23.66% against the 17.69% of the entire population.

Broadly the STs inhabit two distinct geographical area – the Central India and the North- Eastern Area. More than half of the Scheduled Tribe population is concentrated in Central India, i.e., Madhya Pradesh (14.69%), Chhattisgarh (7.5%), Jharkhand (8.29%), Andhra Pradesh (5.7%), Maharashtra (10.08%), Orissa (9.2%), Gujarat (8.55%) and Rajasthan (8.86%). The other distinct area is the North East (Assam, Nagaland, Mizoram, Manipur, Meghalaya, Tripura, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh).

SN States & UTs Percentage of ST
1 Andhra Pradesh 7.00
2 Arunachal Pradesh 68.80
3 Assam 12.40
4 Bihar 0.92
5 Chhattisgarh 30.60
6 Delhi 0.00
7 Goa 0.04
8 Gujarat 14.80
9 Haryana 0.00
10 Himachal Pradesh 5.70
11 Jammu & Kashmir 11.90
12 Jharkhand 26.20
13 Karnataka 6.55
14 Kerala 1.14
15 Madhya Pradesh 25.70
16 Maharashtra 9.40
17 Manipur 35.10
18 Meghalaya 86.10
19 Mizoram 94.40
20 Nagaland 86.50
21 Odisha 22.80
22 Punjab 0.00
23 Rajasthan 13.50
24 Sikkim 33.80
25 Tamil Nadu 1.05
26 Tripura 31.80
27 Uttar Pradesh 0.07
28 Uttarakhand 3.02
29 West Bengal 5.49
30 Chandigarh 0.00
31 Pudducherry 0.00
32 Daman & Diu 0.01
33 D&N Haveli 0.17
34 Andaman 7.50
35 Laskhwedeep 94.48
Sources: Statistical Profile STs in India 2013, Ministry of Tribal Affairs


Budget Allocation for 2017-18

Government is giving special importance to implementation of the schemes for welfare of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Minorities. The allocation for Scheduled Tribes has been increased to Rs. 31,920 crores and for Minority Affairs to Rs. 4,195 crores. The Government will introduce outcome based monitoring of expenditure in these sectors by the NITI Aayog.

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A Song by ST Students